Conditions in Children
Skin problems can and often do appear at birth. Congenital skin lesions, vascular birthmarks and moles may all be present in newborn babies. Congenital skin lesions in particular can cause great distress in families expecting a "perfect baby." While some birthmarks are minor and without medical implications, others are more severe and can cause significant psychological problems as well as functional impairment.
Fortunately, the management of vascular birthmarks has undergone tremendous changes, influenced partially by scientific advances in understanding the biology of the lesions and also by evolving laser techniques. Judicious use of medicine and surgery can yield dramatic, positive results in infants and children, precluding a lifetime of deformity and psychological distress. Recent advances in anesthetic creams make skin care treatments substantially less painful than in the past.
As children grow, skin lesions, birthmarks and even the early onset of acne can threaten that "baby-soft" skin. It is very comforting for parents and children alike to know that these conditions can be treated with excellent results. Parents also should take maximum care to be sure that children are not exposed to prolonged sun without proper protection. In fact, the tendency to develop skin cancer later in life has been shown to originate as far back as early childhood.
Childhood is naturally a very physical and active stage of life when many children experience accidental cuts and wounds. While proper dressing and repair of the wound will facilitate scar-free healing, severe wounds will inevitably leave physical marks on the body. Fortunately, new laser techniques and topical medications can significantly diminish these imperfections.